Rabbi’s Reflections – Thursday, July 27, 2023

Special Note:  Tonight (Wednesday night) begins Tisha B’Av.  24 hours later, it ends.  This link will inform you.  https://jr.co.il/hotsites/tisha-b-av.htm

One In Messiah part 25 – Romans, part 136

Romans 10:13 For “Everyone who calls upon the name of Adonai shall be saved.”

Soteriology is the study of salvation.  All the questions surrounding salvation are included.  Who gets saved and how does it happen?  Is water baptism required?  With regard to our subject verse, is “everyone” only the elect?  What does it mean to “call upon the name?”  And lastly, “saved from what?”  Let’s go!

Paul is writing to the Romans.  Our subject verse is almost an exact restatement of what Peter said to the 3,000 Jewish men on that first Pentecost after Yeshua’s resurrection.  Acts 2:21 “And it shall be that everyone who calls on the name of Adonai shall be saved.”  Both Peter and Paul are building on a prophecy by the prophet Joel.

Joel 3:5 (Joel 2:32) “Then all who call on Adonai’s Name will escape, for on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there will be rescue, as Adonai has said, among the survivors whom Adonai is calling.”

Rabbi Trail:  There are many places in Scripture where the numbering of the Jewish Bible verses and the Christian Bible verses are off by a verse or two. The words themselves are usually close, it’s just the numbering of the verses that is different.  (For instance, Jewish scholars make the verse “A psalm of David” to be the first verse of many Psalms, while the Christian Bible makes it only the first part of the first verse.

However; here, in Joel, the difference is much bigger.  The numbering is different because the Christian Bible starts a new chapter in a different place.  (I put the difference on the Christian Bible because the Jewish Bible came first.  So it was the Christian Bible that changed.)  End RT.

Joel speaks of “escape” and “rescue,” while Paul is speaking of being “saved.”  It is different terminology for the same thing.  Also, Joel speaks only of survivors being rescued.  This is different, yet still consistent, with Paul and Peter, who both say, “Everyone who calls… shall be saved.”  Everyone who calls is a survivor.

In Hebrew, survivors are the same as the remnant.  Isaiah 10:21 A remnant will return, even the remnant of Jacob, to the Mighty God.  In Hebrew, “return” and “repent” are the same Hebrew word, “Yashuv.”  That’s the word Peter used on Pentecost when he said,…

Acts 2:38  Peter said to them, “Repent, and let each of you be immersed in the name of Messiah Yeshua for the removal of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Ruach ha-Kodesh.

I want to bring this RR to a close by quoting Peter’s concluding remarks to the men of Israel on Pentecost, together with my notes (not in bold).

Acts 2:39 For the promise is for you and your children, and for all who are far away—as many as Adonai our God calls to Himself.” Do we call on God, or does He call us?  We can’t call on Him unless He first calls us.  (Joh 6:44a No one can come to Me unless My Father who sent Me draws him.)

Acts 2:40 With many other words he warned them and kept urging them, saying, “Save yourselves from this twisted generation!” Those words are still true today.  (Rev 18:4  Then I heard another voice from heaven saying, “Come out of her, my people, lest you participate in her sins and receive her plagues!)

Acts 2:41 So those who received his message were immersed, and that day about three thousand souls were added.  May we also see similar results as we follow the great commission and make disciples.  (Matthew 28:19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, immersing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Ruach ha-Kodesh, 20 teaching them to observe all I have commanded you. And remember! I am with you always, even to the end of the age.”) Shalom shalom.

Daily Bread, reading plan by Lars Enarson (https://www.thewatchman.org/)
Thu 27 July-2023 9th of Av, 5783 Tish’a B’Av
De 4:25-40 Jer 8:13-9:23 Lam 1-5 (evening) 1 Co 3:1-20
Ex 32:11-14; 34:10 (afternoon) Isa 55:6-56:8 (afternoon)
Mt 5:1-12 (afternoon)